The European Competition Authorities, ECA, is an international cooperation network founded in 2001. It includes the competition authorities from the European Economic Area, EEA, the European Commission, EFTA (Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein) and the EFTA Surveillance Authority.
The aim of the cooperation practised within the ECA is to improve the cooperation between competition authorities, and to promote the efficient application of national and European competition rules. The cooperation in the network consists of the exchange of information and experience between the authorities, particularly in the form of meetings and working groups.
Working groups have been established to handle e.g. leniency, financial services and matters concerning aviation. The working groups have published several reports, the latest of which, published in the spring of 2009, deals with the use of commitments in competition restraints cases.
An important form of cooperation in the ECA network is related to merger control: when an authority part of the network receives a notification of a deal which exceeds the notification threshold in several ECA countries, it conveys the information on the deal and the contact information of the relevant case-handler(s) to the other members. The case-handlers in different countries may then exchange non-confidential information on the case with each other. The exchange of confidential information is only possible if the national and EU-provisions allow it.
Cooperation in ECA network on multijurisdictional mergers
The FCCA has a cooperation agreement with the Federal Antimonopoly Service, FAS, of the Russian Federation. The concrete form of the cooperation is the reciprocal visit of officers to Moscow / Helsinki which takes place each year.
See the FAS homepage
In addition to its other activities, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, UNCTAD, also has a competition policy programme. A main area of operation in recent years has been the preparation of so-called Model Law on Competition, and the FCA (currently FCCA) has also participated in the drafting thereof.
See the UNCTAD homepage
Model Law on Competition